The skill levels of Qatari nationals are improving and with time, they will be able to take over some of the more complex jobs from their expatriate counterparts, an official report has said.
The “Qatar Business and Trade 2012” report launched by the Ministry of Trade and Business gives an overview of the evolution of the Qatari economy over the last three decades up till 2012 .
The report noted that in order to support the transition towards a knowledge-based economy, Qatar has invested heavily in the educational sector and promoted the employment of Qataris into various skilled jobs through its Qatarisation programmes.
The “Qatar Business and Trade 2012” study said that the objective of Qatarisation is to transfer knowledge from skilled expatriate workers to Qatari nationals to help develop a diverse set of skills in the Qatari labour force.
Qatarisation was introduced by the government in 2005 aiming to employ more nationals compared to foreign expatriates in order to increase employment opportunities for the local population, especially in the specialised private sector which is the main driver of growth in the economy.
In September 2011, the Emiri Decree No. 50 authorised a 60% increase in basic salaries and social allowances for Qatari nationals working in the public sector and some private companies and a 120% increase for Qatari military personnel.
Large scale investments are taking place in education and scientific research in order to develop a knowledge-based economy with around 13% of total expenditure in the state budget for the fiscal year 2011-2012 being allocated to education.
Sustaining similar levels of investment has yielded positive results increasing the percentage of Qatari nationals attaining a university degree from 17.7% to 20.3% between 2004 and 2010.
The report added that establishment of world class institutions Qatar highlights the importance the State has given to education as a means in developing the economy.
As well as raising the skill and education levels in the country, bringing in highly reputed universities retains educated individuals thus benefitting from their expertise and knowledge and adding value across all industries.
Aligning education together with economic objectives, aims to create a high-skilled and capable workforce which is crucial for achieving a modern, diversified economy and for modernising public sector institutions.
Skill development and labour opportunities for Qataris are essential to support the nation’s development vision, therefore establishing regulatory and legal frameworksto attract and retain a skilled expatriate workforce is important, it said.
With the skills of Qatari nationals improving, they will be able to take over some of the more complex roles across various industries in the public and private sectors from their expatriate counterparts.
Given the small national population as a proportion of the total population, and the large scale economic growth achieved, planned and anticipated, foreigners will continue to play a crucial role in the economy both at professional and executive levels and semi-skilled levels.
At the moment, the unemployment rate in Qatar is low compared to other GCC countries.
Source: Caye Global News, Gulf Times
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