India’s biggest oil refiner has developed refining processes that may help it save at least $1.5 billion in costs as well as challenge global giants in the technology leasing business. State-run Indian Oil Corp., which controls nearly half of the country’s refineries, has created its own processes using catalysts and hydro-cracking to convert crude oil into fuels such as gasoline, diesel and liquefied petroleum gas, according to the company’s head of R&D. That means it won’t have to license technology anymore from the likes of major manufacturing companies such as Honeywell International Inc.
IOC can now supply more than 75 percent of the technology needed for its plants, Ramakumar said. The licensing fees it typically pays out to refining-technology providers is about 5 percent of the project cost, he said. That means savings of about $1.5 billion on the estimated $40 billion mega-refinery it’s planning with some other state processors on the country’s west coast, according to Bloomberg calculations.
Indian Oil has a home-grown fluidized catalytic cracking unit, called IndMax, that can increase LPG output at its newest 300,000 barrels-a-day refinery on the country’s east coast. It also plans to spend 2 billion rupees ($31 million) to build a catalyst manufacturing plant in Panipat in northern India. “Indian refiners spend 20 billion rupees every year on catalysts,” Ramakumar said. “We had to pay whatever the manufacturers charged, draining a lot of foreign exchange.” The refiner is also looking to lease the technologies, making a foray into a field traditionally dominated by firms such as Honeywell as well as Axens and Technip SA. IOC is in talks with five or six overseas refineries for IndMax adoption, as well as several domestic rivals, Ramakumar said.
Sources and photo-credits: Bloomberg